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Old and New Testament Commentaries

LIST OF BIBLE COMMENTARIES
By Jim Lloyd, Librarian, Cincinnati Christian University
2006 Update


SOME OF THE BETTER COMMENTARY SETS


Conservative Resources


Baker Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament


The IVP Bible Background Commentary: New Testament by Craig Keener.


The IVP Bible Background Commentary: Old Testament by John H. Walton


The New Bible Commentary, third edition is only a one-volume work, edited by D. Guthrie and J. A. Motyer, but it can be very helpful for brief looks at certain passages.


The Wycliffe Bible Commentary is a one-volume, phrase by phrase commentary on the whole Bible edited by Charles F. Pfeiffer and Everett F. Harrison.


The College Press Textbook Series is a set written by various authors in our Churches of Christ/Christian Churches. Look especially for books written by James E. Smith, Paul Butler, and W. W. Winter. It was a series produced in the 1960’s and 1970’s and being updated as you see in the next entry..


The College Press NIV Commentary is a recent set edited by Prof. Jack Cottrell and Anthony Ash. It is a collaboration of authors in two different branches of the Restoration Movement.


The New International Commentary on the New Testament and The New International Commentary on the Old Testament represent two important and helpful commentaries sets. They are two of the better series to have come out in recent years. Gordon Fee is the general editor of the NT series (used to be F. F. Bruce before his death) and R. K. Harrison is the general editor of the OT series. A few of the NT volumes are now being completely redone by different authors.


The Expositor’s Bible Commentary is one of the better conservative sets. Zondervan has now released a two-volume abridgment of this ten-volume series. It is entitled NIV Bible Commentary.


New International Greek Testament Commentary is edited by W. Ward Gasque and I. Howard Marshall. As the title indicates, it is a set that deals with the Greek text.


Standard Bible Studies are written by Christian Church scholars. Some (e.g. Lewis Foster’s Revelation) are quite good.


Tyndale New Testament Commentaries, Leon Morris, General Editor. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans. This set has individual authors for each book of the New Testament. This is a concise, workable took for teachers, ministers, and others. It also has revised some of its original titles, which have now been done by different authors.


Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries, D. J. Wiseman, General Editor. See the comments above.


N.T. Wright has a series _______for Everyone (Matthew for Everyone, Mark for Everyone, etc.)



NIV Application Commentary is published by Zondervan. Each passage is looked at from three perspectives: original meaning, bridging contexts (attempts to bridge the world of the Bible and the world of today) and contemporary significance. Many evangelical authors are involved including Craig Blomberg.


IVP New Testament Commentary Series is edited by Grant Osborne. It contains brief commentaries helpful to the preacher and teacher. It is similar to the Tyndale series.



New American Commentary is a new series being published by Broadman Press. It covers both OT and NT. A few of the volumes have already received recognition including the volume on Matthew. The general editor is David Dockery.


Old Testament Survey Series is written by James E. Smith, one of our former professors of OT in the Grad School. Four of the projected five volumes are out, including the volume The Major Prophets, The Minor Prophets, and The Pentateuch.


The Communicator’s Commentary. A recent set on the New Testament published by Word Books and edited by Lloyd J. Ogilvie.


The Daily Study Bible. William Barclay. Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1958. The entire set is written by Barclay. You have to watch his liberal statements. However, this set can be used to find some of the biblical backgrounds of the verses.


F. C. Cook edited The Bible Commentary. It is an older set, sometimes dated, but has some excellent material.


Word Biblical Commentary. This is a recent set edited by David Hubbard and Glenn Barker. It is one of the more important recent sets. A different author does each book, so some books are better than others. It claims to be evangelical, but some books have a definite liberal bent (neo-evangelicalism e.g. the Daniel commentary proposes multiple authors).


C. F. Keil and Franz Delitzsch co-authored one of the classic set entitled Old Testament Commentaries. This set is dated, but still has some excellent material and is still often quoted.


The Baker Exegetical Commentary, formerly, The Wycliffe Exegetical Commentary is a relatively new set.


R. C. H. Lenski, a good conservative author known for his Greek scholarship, has a good set of commentaries out on the NT.


H. C. Leupold was a Lutheran OT scholar who completed commentaries on Genesis, Psalms, Zechariah, Daniel, Ecclesiastes, and Isaiah. He is a solid conservative scholar.


William Hendricksen is one of the better New Testament commentators. His commentaries are quite helpful. He has also published one of the better commentaries on Revelation entitled More than Conquerors.


James Montgomery Boice has a series of commentaries out, which he calls “expositional commentaries.” This set builds on Boice’s exegesis and presents the text in a way that can be used for preaching and teaching from texts.



The Ancient Christian Commentary on Scripture series by Intervarsity Press. This set compiles comments from the church fathers on biblical texts.


The Church’s Bible by Eerdmans is doing something similar to Ancient Christian Commentary.


The Apollos Old Testament Commentary and the Apollos New Testament Commentary (IVP). This series is similar to the Tyndale Series.


Pillar New Testament Commentaries, from Eerdmans


New International Biblical Commentary. New Testament editor, W. Ward Gasque. Peabody, Mass. : Hendrickson. This is a mixed bag of mostly evangelical commentaries with an occasional volume that is more left of center.


Liberal Resources


(Note: Some of these sets will have a volume written by an Evangelical or moderate author


Abingdon Old Testament Commentaries.


Abingdon New Testament Commentaries.


Anchor Bible Commentaries.


Berit Olam. Collegeville, Minn.: Liturgical Press.


Black’s New Testament Commentaries.


International Critical Commentary [new series]. London: T & T Clark.


The New Interpreter’s Bible: General articles & introduction, commentary, & reflections for each book of the Bible, including the Apocryphal/Deuterocanonical books. Nashville: Abingdon, 1994-1997.


Old Testament Library.


Sacra Pagina. Collegeville, Minn: Liturgical Press.


Smyth & Helwys Bible Commentaries. Macon, Ga.: Smyth & Helwys Publ. Co.


A FEW RECOMMENDED INDIVIDUAL VOLUMES: OLD TESTAMENT


Smith, James E. The Pentateuch. Kissimmee, Fla.: Restoration Press, 1989.


Genesis


Davis, John. Paradise to Prison. Grand Rapids: Baker, 1984.


Ross, Alan P. Creation and Blessing: A Guide to the Study and Exposition of the Book of Genesis. Grand Rapids: Baker, 1988.


Waltke, Bruce K. Genesis: a commentary. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan, 2001.


Exodus


Fields, Wilbur. Exploring Exodus. Joplin, Mo.: College Press, 1976.


Davis, John. Moses and the Gods of Egypt. Winona Lake: BMH Books.


Leviticus


Wenham, Gordon. Leviticus. New International Commentary on the Old Testament. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1979.


Ross, Allen P. Holiness to the Lord: A guide to the exposition of the book of Leviticus. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker Academic, 2002.


Numbers


Harrison, R. K. Numbers. Baker Exegetical Commentary. Grand Rapids: Baker, 1990.


Deuteronomy


Craigie, Peter C. The Book of Deuteronomy. New International Commentary on the Old Testament. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1976.


Oberst, Bruce. Deuteronomy. Bible Study Textbook Series. Joplin: College Press, 1968.


von Rad, Gerhard. Deuteronomy: A Commentary. Old Testament Library. Philadelphia: Westminster, 1966.


The Books of History


Smith, James E. The Books of History. Old Testament Survey Series. Joplin: College Press, 1995.


Joshua, Judges, and Ruth


Winter, W. W. Studies in Joshua, Judges and Ruth. Joplin: College Press, 1969.


Wood, Leon. The Distressing Days of the Judges. Grand Rapids: Zondervan.


Woudstra, M. H. The Book of Joshua. The New International Commentary on the Old Testament. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1981.


Hubbard, Robert L., Jr. The Book of Ruth. The New International Commentary on the Old Testament. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1988.
Samuel, Kings, and Chronicles


Ackroyd, Peter R. 1 and 2 Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah. Torch Bible Commentary. London: SCM Press, 1973.


Hertzberg, H. W. 1 and 2 Samuel: A Commentary. Old Testament Library. Philadelphia: Westminster, 1964.


Smith, James E. First and Second Kings. Joplin: College Press, 1975.


Dillard, Raymond B. 2 Chronicles. Word Biblical Commentary. Waco: Word, 1987.


Winter, W. W. Studies in Samuel. Joplin: College Press, 1967.


Smith, James E. 1 & 2 Samuel. Joplin, Mo.: College Press Pub. Co., 2000.


Ezra, Nehemiah, and Esther


Ratzlaff, Ruben, and Paul T. Butler. Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther. Bible Study Textbook Series. Joplin: College Press, 1979.


Poetry Books


Smith, James E. The Books of Poetry. Old Testament Survey Series. Joplin: College Press.


Job


Strauss, James D. The Shattering of Silence: Job, Our Contemporary. Joplin: College Press, 1976.


Psalms


Alexander, J. A. The Psalms Translated and Explained. Grand Rapids: Zondervan.


Leupold, H. C. An Exposition of the Psalms. Grand Rapids: Baker, 1969.


Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon


Kidwell, R. J. and Don DeWelt. Ecclesiastes and Song of Solomon. Joplin: College Press.


Oesterley, W. O. E. The Book of Proverbs. Westminster Commentaries. London: Methuen, 1929.


Gill, John. An Exposition of the Song of Solomon. Grand Rapids: Sovereign Grace Publishers, 1971.


Longman, Tremper. Song of Songs. Grand Rapids, Mich.: William B. Eerdmans, 2001.


Major Prophets


Smith, James E. Major Prophets. Joplin: College Press, 1992.
Alexander, Joseph A. Commentary on the Prophecies of Isaiah. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, n.d.


Young, E. J. The Book of Isaiah. The New International Commentary on the Old Testament. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1975.


Butler, Paul T. Isaiah. Three volumes. Joplin: College Press, 1983.


Motyer, J. Alec. The Prophecy of Isaiah: An Introduction and Commentary. Downers Grove: IVP, 1993.


Smith, James E. Jeremiah and Lamentations. Joplin: College Press, 1978.


Laetsch, Theodore. Bible Commentary: Jeremiah. St. Louis: Concordia, 1965.


Smith, James E. Ezekiel. Joplin: College Press.


Butler, Paul. Daniel, 3rd edition. Joplin, College Press, 1982.


Minor Prophets


Butler, Paul. Minor Prophets: Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah. Joplin, Mo.: College Press, 1984.


Laetsch, Theodore. Bible Commentary: The Minor Prophets. St. Louis: Concordia, 1959.


McComisky, Thomas. The Minor Prophets. 2 vols. Grand Rapids: Baker, 1992.


Smith, James E. The Minor Prophets. Old Testament Survey Series. Joplin: College Press.


A FEW SUGGESTED INDIVIDUAL TITLES: NEW TESTAMENT


Matthew


Blomberg, Craig. Matthew. New American Commentary. Nashville: Broadman, 1992.


Fowler, Harold. The Gospel of Matthew. Four volumes. Joplin: College Press.


Hagner, Donald. Matthew. Word Biblical Commentary. Waco: Word, 1993.


France, R. T. Matthew. Tyndale New Testament Commentaries. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1989.


Mounce, Robert. Matthew. New International Bible Commentary. Peabody: Hendrickson, 1991.


Mark


Witherington, Ben III. The Gospel of Mark: A Socio-rhetorical commentary. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 2001.


Evans, Craig A. Mark 8:27-16:20. Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 2001.


France, R. T. The Gospel of Mark: A commentary on the Greek text. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans; Carlisle : Paternoster Press, 2002.


Lane, William. The Gospel According to Mark. New International Commentary on the New Testament. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1974.


Cole, R. Alan. The Gospel According to St. Mark. Tyndale New Testament Commentaries. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1983.


Luke


Foster, Lewis. Luke. Cincinnati: Standard, 1987.


Marshall, I. H. The Gospel of Luke. New International Greek Testament Commentary. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1978.


Morris, Leon. The Gospel According to St. Luke. Tyndale New Testament Commentaries. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1974.


Ellis, E. Earle. The Gospel of Luke. New Century Bible. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1974.


Nolland, John. Luke. Word Biblical Commentary. Waco: Word, 1989.


Bock, Darrel. Luke. Downers Grove: IVP, 1994.


Stein, Robert. Luke. The New American Commentary. Nashville: Broadman Press, 1992.


John


Boice, James Montgomery. The Gospel of John: An Expositional Commentary. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1975.


Butler, Paul. The Gospel of John. Joplin: College Press.


Carson, D. A. The Gospel According to John. Pillar. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1991.


Foster, Lewis. John. Cincinnati: Standard, 1986.


Kostenberger, Andreas J. Encountering John: the Gospel in historical, literary, and theological perspective. Grand Rapids, Mich: Baker Books, 1999.


Morris, Leon. The Gospel According to John. Revised edition. New International Commentary on the New Testament. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1971.


Acts


Marshall, I. H. The Acts of the Apostles. Tyndale. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1980.


Bruce, F. F. The Acts of the Apostles: Greek Text with Introduction and Commentary. 3rd revised and enlarged ed. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1990. (English only readers can look for Bruce’s volume in New International Commentary on the New Testament.)


Polhill, John. Acts. New American Commentary. Nashville: Broadman, 1992.


Reese, Gareth. New Testament History: Acts. 2nd ed. Joplin: College Press.


Witherington, Ben III. The Acts of the Apostles: a socio-rhetorical commentary. Grand Rapids, Mich.: W.B. Eerdmans Pub., 1998.


Romans


Cottrell, Jack. Romans. 2 vols. College Press NIV series. Joplin: College Press, 1996.


Lloyd-Jones, D.M. Romans. Grand Rapids: Baker.


Steiner, Thomas. Romans. Bakers Exegetical Commentary. Grand Rapids: Baker, 1998.


Moo, Douglas, J. Romans. The New International Commentary on the New Testament. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1996.


Morris, Leon. The Epistle to the Romans. Pillar. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1988.


Reese, Gareth. Romans. Joplin: College Press.


Sanday and Headlam. Romans. The International Critical Commentary. Edinburgh: T&T Clark.


1 and 2 Corinthians


Baker, William R. 2 Corinthians. Joplin, Mo.: College Press Pub. Co., 1999.


Bruce, F. F. 1 and 2 Corinthians. New Century Bible. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1971.


Butler, Paul. Corinthians. Joplin: College Press.


Fee, Gordon. The First Epistle to the Corinthians. New International Commentary on the New Testament. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1987.


Friskney, Thomas. Solving Church Problems: A Commentary on Paul’s First Corinthian Letter, 187.


Harris, Murray. The Second Epistle to the Corinthians: a commentary on the Greek text / by Murray J. Harris. Grand Rapids, Mich.: W.B. Eerdmans Pub. Co., 2005


Hughes, Philip. Paul’s Second Epistle to the Corinthians. New International Commentary on the New Testament. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1962.


Morris, Leon. The First Epistle of Paul to the Corinthians. Tyndale. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1983.



Kruse, Colin. The Second Epistle to the Corinthians. New International Commentary on the New Testament. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1962.


Barnett, Paul. The Second Epistle to the Corinthians. New International Commentary on the New Testament. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1997.


Thiselton, Anthony C. The First Epistle to the Corinthians: A commentary on the Greek Text. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 2000.


Galatians


Bruce, F. F. The Epistle to the Galatians New International Commentary on the New Testament. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1982.


Guthrie, Donald. Galatians. New Century Bible. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1973.


Ramsay, William G. Historical Commentary on St. Paul’s Epistle to the Galatians. Minneapolis: Klock and Klock, 1978.


Fung, Ronald Y. R. The Epsitle to the Galatians. New International Commentary on the New Testament. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1988.


Longenecker, Richard. Galatians. Word Biblical Commentary. Waco: Word, 1990.


Prison Epistles: Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, Philemon


Bruce, F. F. The Epistles to the Colossians, to Philemon, and to the Ephesians. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1984.


Hawthorne, Gerald. Philippians. The Word Biblical Commentary. Waco: Word, 1983.


Lloyd-Jones, D. M. on Ephesians. (This author has completed a six-volume commentary on the Book of Ephesians. Each volume is on a different part of the book and has a different title. The first volume is entitled God’s Ultimate Purpose. This set is published by Baker.)


Harris, Murray. Colossians and Philemon. Exegetical Guide to the Greek New Testament. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1991.


Lightfoot, J. B. St. Paul’s Epistles to the Colossians and to Philemon. Grand Rapids, 1879.


O’Brien, Peter. The Epistle to the Philippians. New International Greek Testament Commentary. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1991.


Patzia, Arthur. Ephesians, Colossians, Philemon. New International Biblical Commentary. Peabody: Hendrickson, 1990.


Silva, Moises. Philippians, 2nd ed. Grand Rapids, MI : Baker Academic, 2005.


Westcott, Brooke Foss. Saint Paul’s Epistle to the Ephesians. Minneapolis: Klock and Klock, 1983.


Wright, N. T. The Epistles of Paul to the Colossians and to Philemon. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1986.


Fee, Gordon. Paul’s Letter to the Philippians. New International Commentary on the New Testament. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1995.


1 and 2 Thessalonians


Bruce, F. F. 1 and 2 Thessalonians. The Word Biblical Commentary. Waco: Word, 1982.


Morris, Leon. The First and Second Epistles to the Thessalonians. New International Commentary on the New Testament. Revised ed. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1991.


Weatherly, Jon. 1 and 2 Thessalonians. College Press NIV Commentary. Joplin: College Press, 1996.


Pastoral Epistles:
1, 2 Timothy and Titus


Kelly, J. N. D. A Commentary on the Pastoral Epistles. Black’s New Testament Commentaries. Peabody: Hendrickson, 1960.



Knight, George III. The Pastoral Epistles. New International Greek Testament Commentary. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1992.



Lea, Thomas D. and Hayen P. Griffin, Jr. 1, 2 Timothy, Titus. New American Commentary. Nashville: Broadman, 1992.


Mounce, William D. Pastoral Epistles. Nashville: T. Nelson, 2000.


Hebrews


Bruce, F. F. The Epistle to the Hebrews. New International Commentary on the New Testament. Rev. ed. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1990.


Lane, William. Hebrews. The Word Biblical Commentary. Waco: Word, 1991.


Hughes, Philip. A Commentary on the Epistle to the Hebrews. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1977.


Ellingworth, Paul. The Epistle to the Hebrews: A Commentary on the Greek Text. The New International Greek Testament Commentary. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1993.


General Epistles:
James, 1-2 Peter, 1-3 John, Jude


Davids, Peter. The Epistle of James. New International Greek Testament Commentary. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1982.


—. The First Epistle of Peter. New International Commentary on the New Testament. Grand Rapids: 1990.
Green, Michael. 2 Peter and Jude. Tyndale. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1984.


Grudem, Wayne. The First Epistle of Peter. Tyndale. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1988.


Kelly, J. N. D. A Commentary on the Epistles of Peter and Jude, reprint. Hendickson’s New Testament Commentaries. Peabody: Hendrickson, 1988. [Reprinted from Black’s New Testament Commentaries.]


Mayor, Joseph B. The Epistle of St. James. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1954.


Moo, Douglas J. The letter of James. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 2000.


Revelation


Beale, Gregory K. The Book of Revelation: A Commentary on the Greek Text. The New International Greek Testament Commentary. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1999.


Hendricksen, William. More than Conquerors. Grand Rapids: Baker.


Foster, Lewis. Revelation. Cincinnati: Standard, 1989.


Friskney, Thomas. Strength for Victory: A Drama in Four Acts, 1991.
Morris, Leon. The Revelation of St. John. Tyndale. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1984.


Mounce, Robert. The Book of Revelation. New International Commentary on the New Testament. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1977.


Osborne, Grant R. Revelation. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker Academic, 2002.


Witherington, Ben, III Revelation. Cambridge University Press, 2003.


LOOK FOR THESE PUBLISHERS



Zondervan, InterVarsity Press, Baker, Broadman, Eerdmans, Tyndale, Word, College Press, and Standard. These publishers produce helpful commentaries for student use.



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