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Below are some of the common questions first-year Greek students at CCU ask their professors. Included with the answer to each question is a link to a particular part of the CCU Digital Greek web site that will provides references to answer your question.

“Grammar was never my strength in English, much less in Greek. What if I need to review parts of speech and other components of English grammar I may have forgotten?”

Answer:There are several good resources that can help you review English grammar. Please check the appropriate print resources and web resources for recommendations.

“There are times when our Greek textbook just doesn’t give me enough information, or there are times I don’t understand it. Are there other Greek grammar textbooks I can read?”

Answer: There are recommendation for other Beginning and Intermediate Grammar textbooks on the print resources page.

“I want Bible study software for my home computer that gives me access to Greek reference tools. What software packages are available for studying the New Testament in the original language?”

Answer: Most of the tools you need, including concordance searching, parsing tools, are bundled together in a number of Bible research CD-ROM programs. Bibleworks and Gramcord are two widely used PC-compatible programs; Accordance is the most widely recommended MAC-compatible program. Look at the software page for more details on these products.

“I want software to help me practice my vocabulary and/or practice parsing nouns and verbs. Are there any vocabulary and parsing drills for my computer?”

Answer: There are some vocabulary and parsing programs you can purchase and download online. Examples of these programs are referred to on the software page. There are also some free online drills at :

“I’d like to see some examples of ancient copies of the New Testament texts.” Are there any images online of ancient manuscripts of the Greek New Testament?”

Answer: Quality digital images can be found several places online. Information on manuscript web sites and textual criticism web sites can be found on the web resources page.

“Which print edition of the Greek New Testament should I purchase?”

Answer:Most students and researchers use either the United Bible Societies Text or the Nestle-Aland text of the Greek New Testament. Information about the most recent editions of these two texts can be found on the “Print Resources” page of this site.

Are there any web sites that provide access to the Greek New Testament?”

Answer: Some websites do provide access to older editions of the Greek New Testament. Examples of these web sites can be found on the web resources page. In addition, there are software programs that you can purchase that provide access to the current editions of these texts.

“I’d like to use a Greek lexicon. Which one should I use?”

Answer: The premier Greek lexicon for New Testament research is A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature, by Frederick W. Danker. As a standard lexicon, it provides a comprehensive discussion of the meaning of Greek words used in the New Testament. However, only the “first form”, or vocabulary form of each word is listed. If you need help identifying a particular form of a word found in the Greek NT, then you may need to consult an analytical lexicon, which lists every form of every word found in the GNT. A good example of an analytical lexicon is William Mounce’s The Analytical Lexicon to the Greek New Testament. Use the print resources page to get the bibliographic information on these titles. In addition, electronic versions of these lexicons may be available in some Bible research software programs.

“I want to hear the pronounciation of letters of the alphabet, as well as words and phrases in Greek. Where can I find some Greek audio resources?”
Answer: First, there is a great audio CD created by Jonathan Pennington, described on our Print Resources page. There are also some web resources and some software programs that provide audio files. The CD-ROM that accompanies William Mounce’s Basics of Biblical Greek also contains audio files; look on the Print Resources page for more details.

“I’ve worked through the exercises in my textbook. Where can I go to get some additional practice?”
Answer: There are a number of print resources, as well as some web resources that can provide you with additional exercises and drills. Also, we are adding pages of exercises on our “Helpsheets” page.

“I’m feeling like I’m studying a lot of vocabulary and grammar with little practical payoff. When will I see the practical payoff for studying Biblical Greek?”

Answer: Working through the first year of Greek can be tedious at times. It requires a lot of memorization and study. However, your knowledge and understanding of the New Testament will greatly increase the more effort you exert in studying the language. There are some books on the “Print Resources” page that will show you how to apply your knowledge of Greek vocabulary and syntax to the task of interpreting the New Testament.

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